Real estate values have sky rocketed in the last five years. This trend will continue as the demand for housing is projected to increase. This also allows for the identify the opportunities and risks towards making the housing stock climate neutral in the Netherlands.
The availability, and costs (WOZ waarde) determine to a large extent the effort required for the transition. Higher efficiency buildings and higher average costs indicate better potential for reaching zero carbon scale.
Another important aspect is the spatial densities (FSI). This angle allows the considerations of labor productivity, mobility, land value, transit oriented development quality of life, energy supply.